Manipulation and mobilisation are skilled hand movements and motions which are directed at producing joint movement, with the goal of restoring optimal motion, function, and/or to reduce pain. Manipulation, most commonly used by Chiropractors, is a high-velocity low-amplitude thrust associated with a cavitation phenomenon, where a click or pop is heard when the patient is manipulated. Mobilisation is a low velocity, high amplitude passive motion and is not associated with the cavitation phenomenon.
Dry Needling, although commonly referred to as acupuncture, varies from it in its philosophy and application.
Dry needing and acupuncture both make use of fine needles, however this is where the similarities end. The dry needling technique is not based on traditional Chinese medicine, but instead an expansion of the trigger point injection techniques employed by Simons et al. and is based on western medical principles. When a needle is inserted into the skin and muscle, the body recognises it as a foreign object and attacks it with a circulatory response (localised flushing of oxygenated blood) and also an acute inflammatory response (this is the bodies' natural defence mechanism).
This allows for any local metabolic waste or stress hormones, which are causing the muscles to be irritated (and therefore tight), to be flushed out of the area. This gets taken up by the circulatory and lymphatic system and is filtered and disposed of in your urine. Ultimately your muscles are cleaned up and can then relax and ease off.
Soft tissue therapies are skilled hand motions and techniques which are directed at soft tissues with the goal of restoring motion and function. Many forms of soft tissue therapy exist and may be used for a variety of functions and goals depending on patient or practitioner requirements.
Kinesio Taping was developed in Japan in 1979 and is currently used by sports men and women internationally. It is however, safe and regularly used in all populations, from elite athletes, weekend warriors to geriatric and pediatric patients.
Kinesio Taping enhances the body's own natural healing process, through the activation of neurological and circulatory systems and is applied in a specific manner over muscles and other tissues with the goal of reducing pain and inflammation, relax overused tired muscles, and to support muscles in movement on a 24hr/day basis.
Kinesio Tape is used for anything from headaches to foot problems and everything in between.
Education and advice are important components of health care, and are essential elements of communication between healthcare provider and patient. Research shows that patients respond better to treatment if they are encouraged to take an active role in their recovery, and as such, should be provided with the proper motivation, skills, and knowledge to be able to participate.